The peripheral nerves connect the spinal cord and brain to other parts of the human body. The nerves in your face, and in your arms and legs, and in your chest and abdomen are collectively called peripheral nerves.
Peripheral nerve abnormalities can disrupt messages from the brain to the rest of the body and can affect one nerve or many nerves. Peripheral nerve surgery is performed is used to improve function and reduce pain and abnormalities in individuals with peripheral nerve problems including nerve sheath tumors, acute nerve injuries, and entrapment neuropathies. During surgery, the specialist will reroute the other healthy nerves to take over the function of the nerves affected by abnormalities, disease, and injuries. The injuries in the peripheral nerves can even lead to chronic pain that is difficult to identify and find solutions to treat. It is practiced by specialists of varying back with strong skills in neurological orthopedic, reconstructive, and plastic surgery.
Identifying peripheral neuropathy is a complex process because the process includes a thorough patient history and physical examination to find the underlying cause of the neuropathic disorder. The specialists also conduct a neurological and physical examination. If your neurological examination shows signs of a nerve disorder, Surgeons recommends additional tests such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging, nerve conduction study, and EMG.
Electromyography (EMG): In an EMG test, a thin needle electrode is inserted into the muscle to record the electrical activity of your muscles. If the muscle activity is reduced, then it indicates that you are having a nerve injury.
Nerve Conduction Study: Electrodes are positioned at two different points in your human body how well electrical signals are passing through your nerves.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): It uses radio waves and magnetic fields to produce detailed images of the affected area by nerve damage.
Why Peripheral Nerve Surgery Is Performed
Peripheral nerve surgery can be used to treat various disorders, injuries, and conditions. Some of them are
Traumatic Nerve Injury
Spinal accessory nerve injury
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Ulnar nerve neuropathy
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Thoracic outlet syndrome
Brachial plexus injury
Foot drop injury
If a nerve is damaged but not cut, your nerve injury is more likely to heal. Injuries in which the nerve has been completely injured are very difficult to treat and recovery may not be possible. Your surgeons will determine your treatment based on the type of injury you had. If your nerve is healing properly, you do not need to come under the knife. You have to take enough rest to heal your affected area. Nerve injury recovers slowly and maximal recovery may take many years to attain full recovery.
Surgery: If your nerve injury does not heal properly, your medical surgeon may use EMG to assess whether scarred nerves are recovering. Performing an EMG test directly on the nerve is more reliable and accurate than doing the test over the skin.
Restoring Function: You can restore the affected muscle function using treatments such as braces, electrical stimulators, physical therapy, and exercise.
The main goal of Peripheral nerve surgery is to repair damaged nerves, relieve nerve compression, and tumor resections.