Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma generally forms as a result of high-energy trauma such as road traffic accidents, falls from heights and more. It occurs in individuals with neoplastic, osteoporotic, and metabolic disorders of the spine. Thoracolumbar spine is the transitional zone between the mobile lumbar spine and the stiff thoracic cage. The region is more vulnerable for injury, including dislocation and fracture. Currently, there are several classifications for thoracolumbar burst fracture to predict the prognosis and also guide the treatment options. A thoracolumbar fracture denotes a bone is broken in the middle or lower region of the spine. Some of the thoracolumbar fracture types are compression fracture, burst fracture, chance fracture, and dislocation.